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Mai kara kuzari ta atomatik Yuro 4 mai jujjuyawar katalin kuzari

Takaitaccen Bayani:

Ƙa'idar aiki na mai haɓakawa ta hanyoyi uku

Hanyoyi uku catalytic Converter wani muhimmin sashi ne sanye take da bututun shaye-shaye.Yana da sauƙi a yi watsi da shi a lokuta na yau da kullun, amma da zarar an sami matsala, zai haifar da hayaƙi mai baƙar fata, raunin tuki, har ma da konewa ba tare da bata lokaci ba, wanda zai yi tasiri sosai ga aikin injin.


Cikakken Bayani

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Ta yaya mai kara kuzarin hanyoyi uku ke aiki?

Lokacin da injin konewa na cikin gida ke ƙonewa, zai haifar da manyan gurɓatattun iskar gas da abubuwa masu cutarwa waɗanda ke gurɓata muhalli: carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, da sauransu.

Lokacin da hayakin mota mai zafin jiki ya wuce ta na'urar tsarkakewa, mai tsarkakewa a cikin mai kara kuzari ta hanyoyi uku zai haɓaka wani nau'in sinadari na rage iskar shaka na CO, HC da NOx.

Daga cikin su, CO yana da iskar oxygen a babban zafin jiki don zama marar launi da iskar carbon dioxide mara guba, wanda zai iya tsarkake sharar mota.

Abubuwan da ke haifar da toshewar mai kara kuzari

1. Mai

Kasar Sin ta haramta amfani da gubar dalma, amma a wasu yankuna, har yanzu ana kara ma'adinan gubar na Antiknock a cikin man fetur ba bisa ka'ida ba, lamarin da ya haifar da zubewar iskar Carbon a dakin da ake kona man fetur din ethanol.

A lokaci guda kuma, waɗannan Agents na Antiknock masu ɗauke da gubar za su wanke ma'adinan carbon ɗin colloidal a cikin tsarin ci da kuma konewa zuwa wani ɗan lokaci, kuma waɗannan ma'adinan carbon suna da sauƙin toshe hanyoyin haɓaka hanyoyin uku.

2. Man inji

Amfani na dogon lokaci na mai mai ɗauke da sulfur da phosphorous antioxidants abu ne mai sauƙi don haifar da toshewar mai kara kuzari.

3. Halin tuƙi

Lokacin da motar tayi sauri da birki cikin sauri, tana haifar da mafi ƙarancin konewa.Yin tuƙi a kan cunkoson tituna na dogon lokaci da rashin aiki ya yi tsayi da yawa kuma zai haifar da toshewar hanyoyi uku.

Sakamakon toshewar ternary

1. Fitar da hayaki ya wuce misali

Yana da sauƙi a fahimci cewa an toshe ternary, kuma iskar gas mai cutarwa kamar CO, HC da NOx tabbas za su wuce ma'auni ba tare da juyawa da fitarwa kai tsaye ba.

2. Ƙara yawan man fetur

Lokacin da mai kara kuzari na uku ya fara toshewa, zai shafi aikin yau da kullun na firikwensin iskar oxygen, don haka ba zai iya sarrafa allurar man fetur daidai ba, ci da ƙonewa, kuma a ƙarshe yana ƙara yawan amfani da mai.

3. Ƙarfin wuta

Wannan al'amari ya fi fitowa fili a cikin motocin turbocharged.Lokacin da high-matsa lamba shaye ake bukata, da uku-girma blockage sa matalauta shaye, wanda rinjayar da al'ada iska ci daga tushen da kuma rage ikon da engine.

Idan kowane nau'in sakamako ya cika, ƙarfin motar zai ragu, mai ba shi da rauni, kuma zai ji daɗi lokacin gudu.

4. Injin yana girgiza kuma sau da yawa yana tsayawa

Wannan yanayin shi ne mafi wuya.Yana faruwa ne kawai lokacin da aka toshe mai haɓakawa ta hanyoyi uku gaba ɗaya.Wannan shi ne saboda ba za a iya fitar da iskar iskar gas a cikin lokaci ba, yana haifar da koma baya, wanda ke haifar da girgiza mai tsanani, haki da harshen wuta na injin.

Hanyar tsaftacewa na catalytic hanya uku

"Three Hany catalyst" blockage za a iya raba uku matakai:

Mataki na farko shine ɗan ƙaramin toshewa: yana nuna kawai cewa aikin tsarkakewar iskar wutsiya ya ragu kuma iskar gas ɗin wutsiya ta wuce misali.

Mataki na biyu shine matsakaicin matakan toshewa: hadadden sinadarai ya taru a saman mai kara kuzari zuwa wani matsayi.A wannan lokacin, matsi na baya yana ƙaruwa, yawan man fetur yana ƙaruwa kuma ƙarfin yana raguwa.

Mataki na uku shine babban matakin toshewa: yana nuna cewa ikon yana raguwa da gaske kuma sau da yawa yana tsayawa;A lokuta masu tsanani, bututun hayaki yana ƙone ja kuma har ma yana haifar da konewar abin hawa.

1. Hanyar rarrabawa da wankewa

Wannan hanya tana da sauƙi mai sauƙi kuma mai wuyar gaske.Jeka kai tsaye zuwa kantin sayar da 4S ko shagon gyara, gaya musu abin da kuke so, ku biya kuɗin, sannan ku jira tsaftacewa.

Duk da haka, rashin amfanin wannan hanya kuma a bayyane yake: farashin aiki yana da yawa kuma yana ɗaukar lokaci, kuma farashin tsaftacewa ya tashi daga yuan 500 zuwa yuan 800.

Idan farashin maye gurbin na'ura mai kara kuzari ta hanyar 1500 zuwa 8000 yuan, kuma maye gurbin na'urar firikwensin oxygen ya kai yuan 500, farashin ba shi da arha!

2. Hanyar tsaftace kwalban rataye

Hakazalika da kwalaben likitanci, mai fasaha yana shigar da wakili mai tsaftace sinadarai zuwa bawul ɗin magudanar ruwa da mashigar iskar abin hawa ta hanyar "kwalba", don cimma tasirin cire ajiyar carbon.

99% na tsire-tsire masu kulawa za su ba da shawarar yin amfani da wannan hanyar don tsabtace ɗakin konewa piston / bawul ɗin gas / bututun allurar mai.

Duk da haka, bayan fahimtar bayanan da suka dace na mahayan, mun koyi cewa "hanyar tsaftace kwalban rataye" ba ta da wani tasiri mai mahimmanci a kan ƙaddamar da carbon a cikin ma'auni da kambi na piston, amma ya taka rawa wajen tsaftace mashigar iska.

taƙaitawa

Hanyoyin da ke sama suna da nasu rashin amfani.Ko dai farashin yana da yawa kuma tasirin ba a bayyane yake ba, ko kuma kawai karamin sashi na ajiyar carbon za'a iya tsabtace shi, kuma tasirin yana da rauni.

Sabili da haka, kawar da ajiyar carbon da tsaftacewa na catalysis na hanyoyi uku ba zai iya dogara kawai ga ɗayan waɗannan hanyoyin ba, amma kuma tsaftacewa na yau da kullum shine mafi tasiri.Ba wai kawai yana taimakawa wajen inganta tattalin arzikin man fetur da ƙimar izinin bita na shekara-shekara ba, amma har ma yana adana kuɗi, damuwa da aiki.

Yin amfani da 'yan kwanakin ƙarshe na hutu na rani, tsofaffin direbobi za su iya amfani da akwatin mai da sauri a kan hanya, "sake jawo mota", dawo da amfani da ƙwararrun ma'aikatan tsaftacewa don cire ajiyar carbon, tsaftace hanyoyi uku. mai kara kuzari da maido da aikin injin!

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