MASANIN AUTOOPARTS

Pingxiang Hualian Chemical Ceramic Co., Ltd.

Hanyoyi uku auto karfe kara kuzari catalytic Converter ga duk mota

Takaitaccen Bayani:

Our kamfanin ya samu nasarar ci gaba da yawa iri uku-hanyar catalytic Converter, wanda su dace da motoci a iri daban-daban da kuma saduwa da watsi misali.Kamar yadda abokan ciniki ke buƙatun, kowane nau'in Canjin Catalytic na hanyoyi uku ana iya bincika da samarwa.


Cikakken Bayani

Tags samfurin

Canjin Catalytic na hanyoyi uku na iya kawar da adadin kashi 90% na manyan gurɓatattun abubuwa uku (hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide da nitrogen oxide).Cikakkiyar amsawar haɓakawa ta dogara da ƙimar adanar man fetur ɗin da aka haɗe akan ƙaramin gefen A/F (yawan iska da mai).Kuma kawai tsarin al'ada na firikwensin oxide yana aiwatar da aikinsa, wannan A/F za a iya gane shi.

Lokacin da shaye yana wucewa ta cikin bututun shaye, CO, HC, da Nox --- nau'ikan iskar gas guda uku suna wucewa ta hanyar mai ba da haske na reactor a cikin hanyar Catalytic Converter ta hanyoyi uku, za a haɓaka aikin iskar gas, su zai kasance ƙarƙashin oxidation da deoxidization dauki.A karkashin irin wannan babban zafin jiki, CO za a oxided a cikin wani gas ba tare da launi da guba - CO2;HC fili za a juya zuwa H2O da CO2;kuma Nox za a deoxided zuwa Nitrogen.Za a juya iskar da ba ta da kyau ta zama iskar da ba ta da lahani don tsarkake hayakin.

Tsarkakewa

Mai kara kuzarin mu yana lullube da karafa masu daraja na Pt, Pd da Rh.Lokacin da shaye-shaye ke wucewa ta hanyar mai haɓakawa ta hanyoyi uku, CO, HC da NO x, ana haɓaka aikin iskar gas a ƙarƙashin babban zafin jiki.A sakamakon haka, CO zai zama oxidized zuwa CO 2 , da HC aka juya zuwa H 2 O da CO 2 , da kuma NO x aka deoxidized cikin nitrogen.

Sanarwa

1) .Bari injin ya kula da yanayin aiki mai kyau ------- madaidaicin A / F da konewa mai lafiya.
2) .Ka guji tsalle-tsalle-fara motar ta amfani da mafi girma accelerograph.
3) Mafi kyawun zafin aiki na Catalyzer shine 400 -800 ℃, kada ya wuce 1000 ℃;in ba haka ba zai kara saurin tsufa kuma ya rage tsawon rayuwar Catalyzer.
4) Idan piston ya lalace, man zai gudu zuwa cikin injin, wanda zai rage yawan aikin Catalyzer.

Gurbacewar hayaki da mizanin fitar da mota a Turai

Babban gurɓataccen shaye-shaye daga mota: HC, Nox, CO, PM. An fi barin su ta hanyar bututun shaye-shaye, wanda, akwai kusan 45% HC da ƙaramin abubuwan gurɓataccen abu da ke fitar da crankcase da tsarin mai.

A cikin gurɓataccen gurɓataccen yanayi na sama, CO, rabin samar da man da aka ƙone, ya fi muni ga lafiya.HC, wanda ya ƙunshi nau'ikan nau'ikan abubuwa 200, shine samarwa, galibi ana yin shi ta hanyar konewar rabin kone da aikin mai mai vapored, wanda ya ƙunshi abubuwa masu cutar kansa.

Nox, wanda aka hada da sinadarai na N2 da O2 a ƙarƙashin yanayin zafi mai zafi da yanayin matsa lamba a cikin akwatin wuta, ya zama NO2 a cikin iska, wanda tare da guba mai karfi yana da muni ga ɗan adam da tsire-tsire, kuma daya daga cikin manyan abubuwan da ke haifar da ruwan sama na acid da hazo na actinic.

PM, babban sinadarinsa shine hayakin carbonic, wanda yake da sinadarin sinadari mai yawa ya kunshi sinadari mai cutar kansa, zai dade a cikin huhun mutum bayan ya sha.

Yayin da yawan mota ke karuwa, illa da hatsarin gurbacewar hayakin mota da ake kawowa muhalli zai yi nauyi sosai, ta haka, kowace kasa da yanki a duniya suna kafa iyakacin fitar da hayakin mota daya bayan daya, a ciki, kasashen Turai. daidaitattun , EU ta ƙunshi, shine nuni ga yawancin ƙasashe da yankuna.

Mai canza iskar gas na musamman don injin CNG

Yana da kyawawan halaye masu zuwa: Yin amfani da mai ɗaukar kayan yumbu na saƙar zuma wanda ke da fa'idodi da yawa, kamar ƙarancin farashi, manne mai ƙarfi da kayan aiki mai ƙarfi, tsawon rai da sauransu.Ɗauki samfurin marigayi na ƙasan da ba kasafai ba (masu Zirconium da Titanium) don haɓaka juriya na zafi da ayyukan mai kara kuzari.Gabatar da tsaka-tsakin karfe, alkaline ƙasa karfe da kayan aiki na ƙananan ƙarfe mai daraja wanda ke da kyawawan abubuwa masu kyau, irin su babban adadin tsarkakewa, da ƙananan zafin jiki mai zafi da dai sauransu. Yin amfani da sabon salo na adana kayan oxygen wanda ya rage yawan zafin jiki na mai kara kuzari. da cikakken canji.

Na'ura mai canzawa da aka yi amfani da ita kuma ta samar da wannan fasaha ta wuce gwajin cibiyar gwajin iskar gas ta Shanghai da jami'ar Tianjin da ke kona dakin gwaje-gwajen injuna na ciki, sakamakon ya nuna cewa: yin amfani da wannan katsin da zai iya sanya ma'aunin fitar da iska ya kai lamba 3 a Turai kuma ya hadu. dabarar tana buƙatar samfurin mai canzawa.

Mai canza iskar gas na musamman don injin CNG ya ƙunshi sassa biyu, waɗanda ke haifar da yumbu na saƙar zuma da harsashi na ƙarfe, manyan abubuwan sune:

Gas mai shayewa yana wucewa ta hanyar keramics na saƙar zuma, kayan aiki mai aiki na mai kara kuzari (mafi yawa shine ƙarfe oxide na ƙasa da ba kasafai ba, ƙarfe mai daraja da ƙarfe na tsaka-tsaki) yana iya aiwatar da abin da ya dace da cikakken yanayin yanayin zafin jiki na 200 zuwa 300 celsius digiri. sama yana canza abubuwa masu cutarwa kamar CO, HC, NOX da dai sauransu zuwa ruwa mara kyau, carbon dioxide da nitrogen.

a.Babban dabarar wannan shirin ita ce dabarar kawar da iskar gas ta injin CNG, wacce ke cikin dabarar kawar da gurbatar yanayi ta hanyoyi uku, kuma ita ce babbar hanyar da ake bi wajen tunkarar iskar gas na injin CNG a halin yanzu.

Babban tsarin halayen sinadaran kamar haka:

Halin iskar oxygen: HC+O2=H2O+CO2

Halin Deoxidization: Nox+HC+CO=N2+H2O+CO2

Aikace-aikace

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